Serum - Protection from birth onwards
Frequently ask questions
D' stands for Diphtheria, 'T' stands for Tetanus and 'P' stands for Pertussis. These three are serious diseases caused by bacteria. Diphtheria and Pertussis are spread from one person to another while Tetanus enters the body through cuts and wounds, which may not appear dangerous and are often unnoticed or neglected.
Diphtheria: It causes a thick covering in the back of the throat. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure and even death in severe cases. Tetanus: It causes painful tightening of the muscles usually all over the body. Tetanus can lead to locking of the jaw as a result the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow. Deaths because of Tetanus are around 10%. Pertussis (whooping cough or black cough): It causes severe coughing spells that it is hard for infants to eat, drink or even breathe. These spells can last for weeks. Pertussis can lead to Pneumonia, convulsions, Brain Damage and Death.
All un-protected children are at danger of these three serious diseases. DTP can be prevented by vaccinating children.
All children should get five doses of DTP vaccine as per the schedule mentioned below:
6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks,
1st booster - 16-18 months,
2nd booster - 5 years
It has been observed that even after 3 doses of DTP vaccine. The protection level is only 80% hence it is prudent to administer 2 boosters for better protection against DTP.
DTP should not be given to anyone of age 7 years and above because Pertussis vaccine is only licensed for children under 7 years but if older children, adolescents and adults still need a protection from Tetanus and Diphtheria, a booster dose of DT is recommended at 11-12 years of age and then every 10 years.
A vaccine, like any medicine, is capable of causing serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. The risk of DTP vaccine causing serious harm, or death, is extremely small.Mild Problems (Common)
These problems generally occur 1-3 days after the injection.Moderate Problems (Uncommon)