What is Mumps?
Mumps is a common childhood viral disease mainly involving
the parotid glands and other important organs of the body.
Who are susceptible
All un-immunized children in late age group 5-15 years
of age and un-immunized adults.
How Mumps spreads?
Mumps spreads through air. Children get mumps through
contact with others who are already infected with the mumps
virus. The virus is spread through the air by coughing, sneezing,
or simply talking.
What is the prevalence
of Mumps in India and the world over?
Though Mumps is less severe as compared to Measles,
it has been observed that 10-15% children are susceptible
to this disease. The real problems are the serious complications
it can cause
What are the symptoms
and adverse effects of Mumps?
The most obvious sign of mumps is swelling of the
cheeks and jaw, which is caused by inflammation in the salivary
glands. This swelling usually lasts for 10 days associated
with fever for 1-6 days. It affects various organs like salivary
glands (Parotid glands), testicles (in boys) and ovary (in
females), pancreas, and joints.
Mumps can cause severe complications in children
like Orchitis in boys (inflammation of testicles), which may
lead to infertility. Mumps can also affect reproductive organs
in females. Moreover, Mumps can also cause permanent brain
damage, deafness, joint pain and even diabetes.
About 1 child in every 10 who get mumps also gets meningitis
(an inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord)
Occasionally mumps also causes encephalitis. Mumps is a disease,
which causes high morbidity but low mortality. The symptoms
are troublesome, which is inflammation of the brain itself.
About 38% teenage or adult men who get mumps develop a painful
swelling of the testicles.
Mumps is a major cause of sensorineural deafness, which is
Studies have also indicated that Mumps can cause diabetes
mellitus that rarely causes death (about 1 in 10,000 cases).
What is the treatment
Unfortunately, there is no sure treatment available
for Mumps. Vaccination is the only way to prevent Mumps.
When should the vaccine
be taken and what is the vaccine schedule for missed doses?
Usually MMR (Tresivac) vaccine is given to protect
against Mumps. Tresivac should be administered at the age
of 12-15 months, if missed anytime up to the age of 12-13
What are the side effects
of this vaccine?
Usually MMR (Tresivac) is well tolerated. However,
in rare cases there are some chances of mild reactions like
low/mild fever and parotitis.